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When it comes to making boards from logs, you can use a jig, a chainsaw, a logger’s tape, and a cant saw to cut the pieces to the right length. However, it’s important to note that this method will not produce board with quarter grain. To get that effect, you must first request a particular lumber cut from your local sawmill. If you’d like to use a specific lumber cut, read on to learn how.
Using a jig
If you’re looking for a fast, efficient way to make boards out of logs, a jig might be your best bet. It works by sectioning a log, and using a shooting box jig makes it easy to shave the top flat with a router. There are a few things to keep in mind when using this jig.
First, you’ll need to mark where your wood is in relation to the mill’s bunks and cutting head. If the wood is green, you can use coarse blades to cut it. You should also make sure to cut your logs while they are still damp. If you plan on making several boards out of one log, you can build a jig by affixing plywood to a log and using deck screws to secure it to the saw. While removing the log, be mindful of the pith in the center. It can cause the wood to crack. Remove this before cutting, to prevent it from shrinking.
If you want to make boards from logs with a jig, you’ll need two bolts that are longer than the diameter of the bolts. You can then install the bolts into the base of the jig using epoxy or cyanoacrylate glue, and you’re ready to go. After you have installed the bolts, you’ll need to countersink the bolts. The location of the bolt will depend on the position of the slots in the log, so a mark is essential.
Using a chainsaw
Making boards from logs is simple when you use a chainsaw. Before you start cutting, make sure you have a piece of wood raised off the ground. When you turn the log at an angle, you can cut a quarter-inch layer of wood with a flat blade. Once you’ve cut the slab, piece it together using a pencil or scale. After cutting the slab, it’s time to plan the thickness of the boards.
To get started, you’ll need a mill, which can be found online or in your local hardware store. Chainsaw mills come in different configurations, but all have a steel frame with straight guide rails that attach to the chainsaw’s bar. Larger ones also have a bracket called a slabbing rail, which can be used to mill logs. Before you begin milling, measure the thickness of the log to determine the thickness of each board.
When milling, you’ll need a large engine and strong chain. Chainsaws with a large engine will spin the chain faster and produce a smoother cut. Make sure your chainsaw is 50cc or larger, though. This will make it easier to control the width and length of the boards. You’ll also need a large saw for this task. However, you may be surprised by how much sawdust you can produce in a short amount of time.
Using a logger’s tape
A logging tape is a long measuring tape with spikes on one end. This tape is a much more accurate tool than the flipping stick method, but there are a few disadvantages. First, you must cut the logs to the desired lengths. Next, measure the width of the ends of the logs. The crotch grain of the logs will help you make boards of higher grade.
The width and length of a log are two of the main factors for determining the volume of a log. Using a logger’s tape to measure the width of a log can help you determine the width and length of a board. Logs are generally measured in feet, and log width is measured in inches. However, in a sawmill, the width of a board may be much more varied than its length.
The board-foot rule takes the shape of a log into account. Using a logger’s tape to measure the width of a log is a simple and accurate way to calculate how much lumber a given length of logs can produce. The rules for estimating board-foot volume are based on straight logs, so any defects must be estimated separately. Several guides are available to help you estimate how much defect a log has before cutting.
Using a cant saw
Cant saws work by cutting a spline into the bottom of the cant and then using chipping heads to create a flat surface. Logs are then sent down a line to pass through two bandmills, a long, vertical saw. The cant then passes over a spline remover and continues down the line. A cant saw makes a board of approximately the right size and thickness.
If you’re going to use specialty woods in your projects, you can purchase them at specialty lumber stores and resaw them yourself. However, you’ll need to store the lumber for drying, which takes time. Also, you’ll need to keep the wood flat, which helps keep rotting mold from growing. This process is not for everyone, so make sure to plan carefully.
Once you’ve cut a slab of wood with a cant saw, you can begin molding the log. The first cut will create the reference surface for the next step. The second cut will give you the final surface, which is important if you’re cutting boards for a framing project. When cutting lumber with a saw, you’ll want to cut it as far as you can in order to get the width that you need.
Before you begin cutting, remember to lubricate the bar and chain with oil. Longer bars will require more lubrication than short ones, so make sure your saw can accommodate the maximum length of your bar. If the saw is not designed to support the weight of the bar, the saw will run into problems with overheating. Some millers also include an extra oil pump to avoid this problem.
Using a re-saw
Re-sawing transforms ordinary boards into decorative panels of varying widths. The process can produce boards that are as thin as 1″ and as thick as 2″. Species like ash and oak split cleanly, resulting in boards that are closer to their finished size. Other species, such as oak, split irregularly and require more material to shape them. A good rule of thumb is to add 1/4″ per board.
Cutting logs by re-sawing allows you to create narrow panels from 3/8″ thick lumber. This process is also useful for creating veneer from figured boards, as well as creating thin sheets of veneer. Although re-sawing is not for beginners, it is a popular option for making boards from firewood. Depending on your skill level, you can use a bandsaw or a hand saw for this process. To make the process easier, you should have a hand planer and a chop saw.
Re-sawing requires a high degree of precision, and the first few feet of each board are the most challenging. This is because the first few feet of each board cause the greatest pinch in the kerf, so the boards want to press back together. It’s only after this point that tension starts to ease. Adding thin wedges to the kerf before sawing can relieve this tension. The saw also needs to be waxed, which you can do with a candle.
Making straight cuts
One of the most important things to remember when making boards from logs is to make straight cuts! You don’t want to accidentally cut a board by mistake! To make the process of making boards as easy as possible, here are some tips:
First of all, make sure your log is positioned correctly in relation to the mill bunks and the cutting head. When making boards from a log, try to raise the small end slightly. This will help to keep the heart of the log in one piece when cutting. The jacks and toe boards can help with this. Using a guide on your chainsaw is not as accurate as using a saw, but it will give you a better result.
Second, make sure your cut is parallel to the board’s surface. Then, you’ll need to seal it or sticker it, whichever is appropriate. You can also add spacers between layers of stock, so that the wood can breathe and dry. And lastly, be sure to weigh the lumber so it doesn’t warp or cupping! Finally, label your boards with the species and the stickering date.
Third, make sure the saw cuts are straight and even. Remember that wood has a lot of variations in its grain structure, and improperly processed boards will result in warped, cupped, or flared pieces. A straight cut will prevent this from happening. It’s better to keep your cuts as straight as possible so you’ll get a straight board every time. If possible, plan to use construction grade beams.