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Here are a few tips for framing a basement wall. Before you begin, you should hire a structural engineer to help you frame the wall. You can also find tips in this article on framing around pipes and duct work in a basement. By following these steps, you will have a finished basement wall in no time. Read on to learn more. Also, keep in mind that you can get an estimate from a structural engineer, if needed.
Getting a structural engineer to frame a basement wall
Getting a structural engineer to frame if basement wall is necessary to keep your home safe. Even if you’re not concerned about safety, it’s important to have the work done correctly. You’re better off hiring a professional than attempting it on your own. Here are some tips on hiring a professional:
First, make sure the wall is load bearing. The walls that run perpendicular to the joists aren’t load-bearing. You can temporarily construct a wall to hold up the weight while the construction work is being done. You can also redistribute weight by placing posts over the weight-bearing beam in the floor below. When a structural engineer evaluates the wall, he will make sure it’s strong enough to support the weight.
Stacking studs beneath floor joists
The first step in framing a basement is to determine the number of floor joists that will span the floor. Typically, floor joists are 16″ on center, but they can be as short as 12″ or as long as 36″. Determine how many studs you’ll need by estimating the length of each joist. You will want to use a level to check each stud’s edges and faces for plumbness. If they aren’t, make the appropriate adjustments with a hammer. To fix any gaps at the top, use wood shims.
To construct a full-height wall, cut two-by-four boards to the length of the wall you want. Use treated wood if possible, but you can also use untreated wood. Wood should be treated to protect it from moisture, as it transfers moisture easily to concrete. Remember, that untreated wood will rot wherever it touches concrete. Therefore, it’s important to protect the framing from moisture by using the right type of wood.
When framing a basement, it’s important to know how far apart the framing members are from one another. Ideally, you should place studs 16″ apart from each other. This spacing will divide evenly into the 48″ width of typical sheet goods. If you’re unsure about your measurement, take a measurement of each stud by measuring from its edge. Stacking lumber will help you when you’re doing plumbing or electrical work on the wall.
Using a single-layer top plate for framing can save several hundred feet of lumber. However, it’s important to note that this method only provides proper structural support if all beams align in the same vertical plane. You must also ensure that the floor joists are installed on the studs and roof trusses. If you’re unsure about whether to use this method, consult a contractor before you begin framing your basement.
Framing around pipes in a basement
Framing around pipes in a basement is more complex than framing around a window. Plumbing pipes are often located behind walls, so framing around them requires ingenuity and design skill. Framing around plumbing pipes requires cutting a small portion of the wall, nailing the frame to the blocking, and measuring from floor to top of pipe. When framing around pipes, the front edge of the frame must line up with the top of the box.
Before framing around a pipe, it is important to make sure there are no water issues. To do this, Steve and his crew filled any settlement cracks with waterproof sealant. They then marked the layout on the floor with a chalk line. They framed the pipes at least one foot off the wall, but in some cases, it was a little higher. They then nailed down pressure-treated bottom plates, which should be at least 1 inch off the wall, but should be higher if the pipes are slanted inward.
For those of us who do not want to reroute pipes, the pipes themselves can be used as decor. To dress up exposed pipes, you can use fabric or carpet, but natural rope works best. Attach rope to the back of the pipe at the bottom, wrap it around it until it reaches the ceiling, and finish the job with a discreet blob of construction adhesive. Depending on where your pipes are located, the possibilities are endless.
After determining the location of the pipes, you can begin framing around them. Plumbing pipes that stick into the room can be framed using furring strips, and the ceiling framing can be framed with 2x4s and 2x2s. If the pipes are already recessed into the floor above, you cannot alter the placement of the pipes. Instead, you can make them prettier and create the illusion of more vertical space.
Framing around duct work in a basement wall
If your ductwork runs parallel to your basement walls, framing around it is not an issue. You can simply install a 2×2 or 2×4 along the studs. Just make sure to cut a 90-degree bend in the upper track, and then fasten it to the wall studs. Framing around duct work in a basement wall can be a complicated task, so the following tips will help you frame around it.
First, determine the location of the duct work. Measure from the perimeter lines of the walls to the area where the ducts are located. Measure and mark each stud with a chalk line, making sure to mark both sides. Use these plates to map out the wall layout. You can also use them to determine the locations of doors and windows. Remember to use the same measurement for each wall stud.
Another option for framing around ductwork in a basement wall is to build a soffit over the top of the ductwork. You can then use the wood stock to frame around the ductwork. You can also use metal fasteners. When framing around duct work, you should cut the OSB board to the exact length of the duct. Then, nail it to the 2x2s, perpendicular to the floor joists.
Once the framing is in place, you can start laying the drywall. You can also hang ladders across the side ladders and attach vertical rails between them. Make sure to place a 2-by-2 bottom plate on the wall to give yourself clearance. And, finally, you can finish the box by laying drywall. If you have any leftover pieces, you can install wood paneling or decorative siding to cover them up.
Checking walls for lumps and imperfections
Before framing your basement, you should check the walls for any flaws. New homes rarely have perfectly flat, level walls. Even older homes don’t always have these features. So, it’s vital to make any necessary corrections before you begin. Checking the walls will reveal any out-of-alignments or lumps. Once you’ve fixed these problems, you can start framing your basement.
Measure the distance between the bottom plate and the first wall stud. Then, mark the height of the other walls. After you’ve determined the height, use a level to check the wall’s plumbness. Then, use a portable circular saw to cut the wall studs to the proper height. After cutting the studs, slide the frames together, nailing them to the bottom plate. Make sure the bottom plate is on the chalk line.
While framing basement walls, you should also inspect the foundation to make sure they are level. Basement walls often have unfinished poured-concrete walls. The walls are typically grey and flat, but they may contain small cracks. These imperfections will affect the paint finish. If the walls are old and have a brick foundation, they may also have exposed brick. If so, you should clean the brick and repair any flaws, such as cracks.